Every Student Succeeds Act & Title I Funds
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was passed by Congress and signed into law in December of 2015. This law continues programs such as Title I for
services to the disadvantaged, with a focus on improving the academic achievement of the disadvantaged.
However, the ESSA removes the limitations of a traditional pull-out program by which Title I, Part A funds were used. Services paid for are no
longer limited to additional instruction in core subject areas.
Title I funds may now be used more flexibly to meet a broad range of student needs and to be used for non-instructional supports such as school
counselors (counseling services), school based mental-health programs, behavior and mentoring supports, and social and emotional learning. These
funds may be used to improve the quality of instructional materials, improve attendance, counteract and prevent bullying, school-based mental health
programs, provide positive behavioral interventions and supports, or any other strategies to improve students’ nonacademic skills. In addition, Title I funds
may be used for two-generation approaches that consider the needs of both vulnerable children and parents, together, in the design and delivery of
services and programs to support improved economic, educational, health, safety, and other outcomes that address the issues of intergenerational poverty.